Earning Capacity and Immigration Status in California Child Support Calculations - In re Marriage of Parker
Decisions about whether and how much child support a divorcing spouse or co-parent should pay often depend on both how much money he or she makes or could make. The latter factor, usually referred to as "earning capacity," can be difficult to quantify in many cases, and even more so when the parent's immigration status prevents them from legally working. The state's First District Court of Appeals recently considered one such case.
Husband filed for divorce from Wife in 2011, and the parties agreed the following year to a stipulation where Wife retained sole physical custody of the couple's only child. The stipulation also gave Husband visitation rights but didn't require him to pay child support. In 2013, Husband filed a motion seeking shared physical custody and for the Wife to pay him child support. Husband explained to the court that he was an undocumented immigrant who had overstayed his visa. Because of this status, Husband said he wasn't able to work as a traditional employee. Nevertheless, he said that he'd worked as a carpenter for roughly 20 years and was planning to be a self-employed carpenter.
At the time, Husband said he was making about $750 per month. Opposing the child support request, Wife said the trial court should impute to him an income of $2,600 per week based on past earnings. She pointed to a 2011 income declaration in which Husband said he was making $65 an hour as a carpenter and working 40 hours per week. Instead, the court imputed a "minimum wage earning capacity" to Husband and awarded him 15 percent custody of the child. The court also ordered Wife to pay Husband $54 a month in child support. Husband appealed the decision.